Halachos of Mavir Sedra (Reviewing the Parsha), R’ Tzvi Yaakov Stein


⁃ All males are required to be mavir sedra every week.

⁃ Those that are mavir sedra will live a longer life amongst other Brachos.

⁃ There are two variations on how to read each passuk:
1 – Read each passuk twice and then the Targum.
2 – Read one passuk, then the Targum, then the passuk again.

⁃ The translation should not be read before the Psukim.

⁃ Read each passuk twice and afterwards Targum for each parsha (meaning until the letter פ or ס).

⁃ Really the requirement is to read the Targum Unkulus (because it was given at Har Sinai).

⁃ Learning Rashi is also considered a translation.

⁃ If one does Rashi without doing Unkulus, then the pesukim that don’t have any Rashi should be read three times.

⁃ Best is to do both and Unkulus and Rashi.

⁃ Those that have a difficult time understanding Unkulus and/or Rashi should use an English translation that actually explains the pesukim and doesn’t just translate (The Living Torah Chumash from R’ Aryeh Kaplan is a good example).

⁃ The pesukim and Unkulus should be verbalized. With the name of Hashem. Translation and Rashi don’t have to be verbalized.

⁃ The parsha should be reviewed in the proper order. If it wasn’t then it doesn’t have to be repeated.

⁃ The psukim can be read quietly along with the Baal Koreh and that will count towards reading the psukim one time.

⁃ There should preferably be no talking or disturbances while reviewing the Parsha.

⁃ At the end of the Parsha, the last passuk should preferably be repeated.

⁃ Most are of the opinion that the next weeks Parsha can be started at Mincha time on Shabbos afternoon.

⁃ The Parsha should be completed before the meal starts on Shabbos morning.

⁃ If no, then up until Tuesday night is acceptable.

⁃ After that, up until Simchas Torah is acceptable.

⁃ If you’re behind from previous weeks, first finish the previous parsha before the current parsha unless you’ll miss finishing the current parsha by Shabbos morning.

⁃ Kabala says not to learn Tanach at night. Those that aren’t concerned with Kabala (most) can learn Tanach at night. Therefore mavir sedra at night is fine.

⁃ Even those that don’t learn Tanach at night, Thursday and Friday nights are allowed.

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